WOUGNET’s Submission to UN Report on Internet Shutdowns and Human Rights

Women of Uganda Network (WOUGNET) welcomes this opportunity to provide input to UN Human Rights on the preparation of he thematic report on Internet shutdowns and human rights, as requested in Human Rights Council resolution 47/22 "to study the trend in Internet shutdowns, analyzing their causes, their legal implications and their impact on a range of human rights, including economic, political, health, social and cultural rights.”


News Paper -Research Findings

The newspaper article that was published about the project OurVoicesOurFutures


The Assessment of the Legal and Regulatory Frameworks Governing Freedom of Expression and Access to Information in Uganda

The Internet and other digital technologies such as social media have been considered the most disruptive information and communication technologies (ICT) that have transformed the free flow of information by offering anyone with an Internet connection, the ability to gather and disseminate news, information, and opinions.

At the end of September 2020, total internet subscriptions had for the first time in industry history crossed the 20 million mark. This translates into an internet connection for 1 in every 2 Ugandans.

Despite the increase in access to and use of the internet and ICTs across the board, access and affordability is still a challenge for large sections of the population especially the poor, rural populations, women, and persons with disabilities.

According to a 2015 Uganda Communications Commission (UCC) survey on Access and Usage of ICTs, only 44% of women-owned and could use a phone at any time compared to 62% of the men. Additionally, only 15% of women had used a computer or the internet in the last three months prior to the survey compared to 21% of the men that were interviewed.

According to a 2018 National Information and Technology-Uganda (NITA-U) study on ICT, there is a location bias with more urban individuals owning mobile phones compared to rural counterparts (78.5% vs 65.7% respectively) and a gender bias with more males owning mobile phones compared to females (81.6% vs. 63.2%).

The gender gap in internet access is perpetuated by several factors including limited access to the internet, lack of digital skills and empowerment of women, lack of affordability of ICT services especially broadband connectivity, relevant content as well as safety of women online.

According to the 2020 report from the UCC, the cost of acquiring 1 gigabyte of the internet in Uganda stands at $2.67(Shs9819). Compared to Kenya, Tanzania, and Rwanda at $2.41(Shs8863), $2.18(Shs8017), and $2.18(Shs8017) respectively, Uganda’s is the highest.

However, beyond having access to and affording the costs of the internet, utilization of these digital technologies requires the right skills, knowledge, and tools. Unfortunately, the majority of women also lack the skills and confidence to engage with digital technologies effectively at every level, starting from basic usage. In Uganda, there are high illiteracy levels among women, which impedes their access to and use of digital technologies.

2014 shows that literacy levels among females were lower at, 68% compared to that of males, which stood at 77%.7. If the digital gender gap is not addressed, digital technologies may exacerbate gender inequalities rather than help to reduce them, and girls and women will not be able to equally participate in the more increasing digital spaces.



Digital Security and Safety of women online has become extremely important, now more than ever. With the rapid adoption of technology and digital platforms, the internet has become a vital resource for all groups of people regardless of age, sex, gender, race, or one’s identity.

Whereas the adoption of the use of the internet and digital technology has sky-rocketed, there has been an increase in threats and challenges related to using these digital platforms. These threats and challenges do not segregate on which group of people are a target. However, women appear to be more of a target when it comes to online threats and this is simply because they are women. According to WOUGNET’s recent study, women face more online threats compared to men while using these online platforms.

In this day and age, Online gender-based Violence (OGBV) has become a force to reckon with and needs to be taken seriously if women's safety online is to be guaranteed. This Digital Security manual is a step in the right direction in ensuring that women's safety online is something they can give priority to and put in place the necessary measures needed to ensure they achieve it. The manual aims at providing women with basic digital security knowledge and skills that they can implement to take ownership of their online safety and security.


Promoting Smart Policy Options in Closing the Gender Digital Divide in Uganda

This policy brief is primarily a result of the key highlights from the CSO position paper and the face-to-face strategic meetings held with policymakers and key stakeholders, on how to bridge the gender digital gap in Uganda. It highlights what the Women of Uganda Network (WOUGNET) and the Centre for Multilateral Affairs (CfMA) have been doing over the two years in closing the gender digital divide in Uganda. The brief further highlights the state of the gender digital divide in Uganda, and recommendations to Civil Society Organisations, Ministries, Departments and Agencies, the private sector, and other stakeholders in closing the gender digital divide in Uganda.