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Policy Brief_Not Just a Trend: Assessing the Types, Spread, and the Impact of Online Gender Based Violence in Uganda
Women of Uganda Network in partnership with Makerere University...
Women of Uganda Network in partnership with Makerere University School of Women and Gender Studies conducted nationwide research to study the types, spread, impact, and methods of dealing with online gender-based violence.
The research team conducted desk reviews, Key Informants Interviews, and Focus Group Discussions to collect data. Quantitative data was analyzed in the spreadsheet while the Qualitative Data was analyzed based on emerging themes and sub-themes in line with evaluation objectives.
The study noted various types of OGBV and this included sharing of non-consensual intimate images (“revenge pornography”) represented by 27% followed by online sexual harassment represented by 22% and cyberstalking represented by 13% on digital platforms. Impersonation is represented by 11% of the respondents while hacking is 7%. Additionally, 4% of the respondents identified doxing as the most committed and surveillance was at 2%. The digital spaces where OGBV is widespread are WhatsApp, Twitter, Facebook, Instagram, TikTok, video conferencing platforms, dating sites, and YouTube. Online-gender-based violence has caused a lot of psychological and economic harm to the victims, the majority of whom are women. Blocking the perpetrator was identified as the major reaction by survivors to online gender-based violence.
The government ministries and agencies should strengthen the implementation and monitoring of existing international legal frameworks and national laws. Social media companies should develop strategies for rapid prevention and reporting of OGBV in a timely manner to avoid negative consequences.